Work for Hire and the Significance of California Labor Code Section 3351.5

Often our clients are faced with the situation in which they intend to pay someone to create copyrightable content for them in connection with their businesses.  This arises frequently in the entertainment industry and related tech businesses as well, as it is becoming a common practice to simply hire an independent contractor to create content where it is too expensive, burdensome, or impossible to create such content oneself.  For example, companies frequently engage contractors to design their logos and other graphic elements for their company branding and websites.  Other content creators, such as filmmakers, television producers, authors, and musicians, engage the services of others to create portions of their final artistic products (writing music, creating animation or illustrations, etc.).

Why Lawyers Should Not Sign NDAs with Clients

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Every once in a while, we as attorneys will be asked by a client to sign a nondisclosure agreement prior to a meeting or initial consultation.  These nondisclosure agreements—commonly referred to as NDAs—serve the purpose of protecting a party’s confidential business and financial information by placing a contractual duty on the other party not to use or disclose that information.  Clients have been told again and again by lawyers and other advisors that anyone they share confidential business information with should first be asked to sign an NDA to protect them.

What makes a good trademark?

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Those in the initial stages of developing branding for their businesses or rolling out new product or service names or slogans find themselves in the position of attempting to select a trademark that is both legally protectable and marketable.  Many of my clients with business experience are able to determine what makes a trademark strong from a marketing perspective.  However, many business people forget to take into account that what is strong from a branding perspective may not be the best choice of trademark for legally protecting your brand.

Business Entity Types — What Are They?

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So you want to start a company.  Which business structure are you going to choose?

There are quite a few options available, but four of the main business entity types will be discussed in this post: sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company and corporation.  While there are specific tax implications and filing requirements associated with each of these business structures, I will be focusing on the general characteristics of each entity type.

Sole Proprietorship

What is a Trade Secret?

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Basic IP Terminology—What is a Trade Secret?

My past two blog posts in the basic IP terminology series have addressed copyright and trademark, respectively.  This third and final installation of the series will cover the area of trade secret law and what type of information can constitute a protectable trade secret.

What is a Trade Secret?

Under the Uniform Trade Secret Act (UTSA), which has been enacted by most states (including California) and the District of Columbia, a trade secret has three basic components:

  • It consists of information of some kind (such as a formula, pattern, compilation, program, device, method, technique or process);

What is a Trademark?

TM Photo

Basic IP Terminology Series—What is a Trademark?

Earlier this month, I posted the first blog entry in my basic IP terminology series about copyright.  This time, we’ll take a look at what exactly a trademark is and what the benefits are of protecting and registering your trademark.

What is a Trademark?

Trademark and copyright are often confused by those who are unfamiliar with how IP rights are distinguished.

A trademark is a word or design (like a logo) that is used in a branding capacity to indicate to consumers the source of the particular product or service that is being offered to the public.

The TM and ® Symbol – What’s the Difference?

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Everyone is familiar with trademarks—those logos, slogans, and brand names we come across every day— but not everyone knows the difference between the TM symbol and the ® symbol.

If you haven’t noticed it before, a very small “TM” in bold, UPPERCASE or a small r-in-a-circle symbol (“®”) appears in superscript, most often in the upper right hand corner of a trademark.

If you claim rights to use a trademark, applying the correct symbol designation serves to notify your competitors of the type of trademark rights you have in your mark. In the event that you sue someone who is using your trademark without your permission, failure to provide proper notice of your trademark in this way may result in your inability to obtain money damages or recover your court costs.

What is Copyright?

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Basic IP Terminology—What is Copyright?

Many people, especially those in the initial stages of their business or project, are unsure of how to describe and understand the intellectual property (IP) rights that are created in the course of running their business.

IP rights of some kind arise in virtually every type of business venture, and being able to wrap your head around those rights is a good first step toward protecting and monetizing them.  So, what do you call the rights that you own?

What is Copyright?

Deal Inked by Creative Industry Law Group

Pressman, Djerassi team for ‘Lies’ pic

LONDON — Producer Edward R. Pressman and Dale Djerassi have acquired film rights to “Lies Have Been Told,” the one-man play about the late British newspaper mogul Robert Maxwell. Although financial details have not been disclosed Pressman and Djerassi have been working with directors and screenwriters based in London to develop a movie version of the play by Rod Beacham. “Lies,” starring Philip York, had a highly successful and critically acclaimed run on the West End.

Public Association Trademarks: The Case of the New York Yankees and the Evil Empire

New York Post - Yankee cover

Every once in a while, a court issues a decision reminding us that we may have rights we’ve never known about or sought to assert. This time the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board (TTAB) has given the New York Yankees more than they initially sought to claim for themselves.

Last month, a panel of TTAB judges held that the New York Yankees could prevent Evil Enterprises, Inc. from using the phrase BASEBALLS EVIL EMPIRE on clothing because the public had, in fact, come to regard the New York Yankees as, the “evil empire” of Major League Baseball.